POTENTIAL FUTURE PRODUCTS
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Democratize The Automobile Industry With a Universal Electric Vehicle Powertrain Chassis Module (BEM-UPM) As Only Provided With SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies:
Bottom Line Up Front: Universal Electric Vehicle Powertrain Chassis Module (BEM-UPM) with the highest performing propulsion electric system available as only provided by SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies would democratize the automobile industry by single sourcing the highest performing BEM-UPM (including active suspension and torque vectoring) to original equipment manufacturers (OEM) of motor vehicles, such as Toyota, GM, Ford, Tesla, etc., or to independent coach builders, such as styling boutique EV manufacturers.
Clearly, Best Electric Machine (BEM) provides the pinnacle of electric propulsion motor and generator system (i.e.,SYNCHRO-SYM) for the electric vehicle (EV) market with twice the performance and at least quadruple the peak torque density of any other electric machine system. Also, BEM provides the best practical 3D printer (i.e., MOTORPRINTER) for the additive manufacture of axial flux electric machines with the highest performance materials, such as amorphous metal ribbon. Again, BEM provides the best EV micro distribution bus system (i.e., BM-HFMDB) with the fewest number of active electronic stages, the highest efficiency, the lowest cost, and the purest waveforms. By leveraging the patents of SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies, such as SYNCHRO-SYM, BM-HFMDB, and MOTORPRINTER, another direction of BEM will democratize the automobile industry by providing the highest performance Universal Electric Vehicle Powertrain Chassis Module (BEM-UPM) to original equipment manufacturers (OEM) of motor vehicles, such as Toyota, GM, Ford, Tesla, etc., or to independent coach builders, such as styling boutique EV manufacturers.
The BEM-UPM (with a standardized frame mounting interface) includes two modular suspension modules (MSM). Each MSM comprises the complete suspension frame and components (e.g., traditional independent wishbone frames and linkages) that are performance optimized, the articulated driveshaft (e.g., dual velocity joints), the active suspension, such as the Clearmotion (BOSE) active suspension, the load leveling, wheel bearings and bushings, brake, electric motor/generator system, such as SYNCHRO-SYM, and the wheel and tire.
The motor/generator system (e.g., preferably the magnetic gear or direct drive SYNCHRO-SYM) and brake assembly are located on the fixed chassis portion of the MSM for the most optimized unsprung weight distribution for best ride and dynamic stability (e.g., torque vectoring) during vehicle speed, turning, road conditions, braking, acceleration, gyroscopic effects of wheel inertia, etc. The MSM could include power steering articulation components. The MSM ride performance will be programmable for OEM branding. Note: The MSM is conceptually similar to in-wheel motors, such as the Protean In wheel motor and Elaphe in wheel motor, but includes the required suspension with the lowest possible unsprung weight distribution for significant performance improvement in programmable ride and stability. To universally accommodate different wheel widths with simple adjustment, the BEM-UPM comprises two MSMs that slide away or toward each other on at least two structural tube frames (for instance). Housed inside the tubes, banks of supercapacitors complement the high energy density of batteries with the high power density of supercapacitors for high power motoring (acceleration) or regenerative braking (deceleration).
The BEM-UPM may use MAGNAX, Yasa Motors, EMRAX, etc. motors with their gearboxes but better, the BRTEC of each superior performing direct drive SYNCHRO-SYM additionally provides isolated electronic power condition control between the banks of supercapacitors and the EV battery (or fuel cell) for a high power density (supercapacitors) and high energy density (battery) electric storage system of systems. With a significant reduction in electronic stages in the system of systems, the BRTEC also provides an isolated balanced multiphase high power high frequency AC micro distribution bus system (BM-HFMDB) throughout the vehicle for universally powering multiple electric machines and a full complement of accessories along the micro distribution bus, such as a universal single or multiphase EV battery recharger, low power accessories, etc., all with the benefits of BM-HRMDB, such as fewer electronic stages, higher efficiency, and lower cost. It is conceivable that several hoses with metal braided sheaths will simultaneously distribute the high frequency “multiphase” power and cooling medium (if needed), where the braided sheath of the hose provides the high power, high frequency Litz wire electrical power distribution in conjunction with the high pressure cooling medium distribution (e.g., 4 braided hoses for three AC phases plus neutral).
If placed in the front and rear of the vehicle, the self-contained (and modular) BEM-UPM (with MSMs incorporating direct drive SYNCHRO-SYMs) may provide independent, torque vectored, four wheel drive for active four wheel power steering, regenerative braking, ABS, stability control, etc. (by at least autonomously controlling individual motors of individual wheels). All components of the BEM-UPM can be easily replaced for repair or maintainability. The BEM-UPM may comprise the best high performance off-the-shelf OEM vehicle suspension components to leverage the volume production costs and non-recurring engineering (NRE) costs of OEM components. Because electric machines are highly reliable components, the universal wheel width provisioning makes BEM-UPM re-usable without obsolescence for the most flexible and open vehicle architecture.
In contrast to today’s diverse complement of OEM designed and manufactured drive-trains, the BEM-UPM non-recurring engineering (NRE) and volume production costs will be amortized amongst several OEM customers and vehicle models to dramatically reduce costs. With a less expensive but best performing suspension, micro distribution bus system (e.g., BM-HFMDB), and drive-train (e.g., direct drive SYNCHRO-SYMs) possible, the vehicle industry will be democratized amongst OEM and stylish boutique automobile manufacturers and artisans just as 3D printed car bodies are expected to democratize body styles amongst competitive players. For instance, the BEM-UPM will allow anybody to customize their vehicles exterior and interior styles, luxury appointments, cabin styles, art, designs, warranties, deliveries, and performance styles, etc., with the best and most innovative and highest performance engineered drive-train component available, such as BEM-UPM programmed to the preferred comfort and driving brand of the manufacturer or individual designer, and comprising the highest performance electric machine system possible, or SYNCHRO-SYM, and the highest performance micro distribution bus, or BM-HFMDB, both of which are 3D Printed with the best materials by MOTORPRINTER. Alleviated from the vehicle drive train research, design and manufacture, the BEM-UPM will also democratize the EV technical focus to battery development, vehicle control development, etc.
Dramatically Reduce Overall Electrical Energy Consumption With A Smart Enterprise Management (SEM) As Only Provided With SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies:
Bottom Line Up Front: The brushless multiphase self-commutation controller (BMSCC) as only provided by SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies would dramatically reduce overall electrical energy consumption under a wide enterprise management system (EMS) of an electricity infrastructure of system of systems (SoS).
BMSCC (or BRTEC) could dramatically reduce overall electrical energy consumption under a wide enterprise management system (EMS) of an electricity infrastructure of system of systems (SoS) with the unique versatility of automatic frequency synchronization control as only provided by BMSCC (or BRTEC). For example, the consumption of electrical power from the electrical power grid by a crane (powered by SYNCHRO-SYM) lifting a load (against gravity) at one field location would be neutralized by the returning (generating) of electrical power to the electrical power grid by another crane (powered by SYNCHRO-SYM) lowering a load (with gravity) at another field location and as a result, total electrical power would be reduced to just the electrical losses in the entire enterprise managed system of systems.
Implementing a Carbon Less Energy Infrastructure With Far Offshore Hydrogen Harvesting As Only Provided With SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies:
Bottom Line Up Front: Instrumental for implementing a hydrogen society, a fleet of internationally relocatable, far offshore sea barges (e.g., ships) that are propelled by wind, wave/tidal/current, and/or solar to produce liquified hydrogen/oxygen by electrolysis from electricity generated by the dense sea medium propeller of the barge. The same propeller of the barges and service ships propels by the stored hydrogen (to water) energy conversion for relocation to better renewable sources, to avoid storms and shipping routes, or for port maintenance. The hydrogen/oxygen production is transported to any port by a string of service boats, which is effectively the adaptable hydrogen pipeline from any far offshore point to shore. The entire infrastructure is provided with SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies, such as safe, efficient, low cost, lightweight SYNCHRO-SYM, shipboard BM-HFMDB micro-distribution bus, and MOTORPRINTER for their manufacture.
Without considering ongoing storage and delivery challenges, there are many reasons to move from a fossil fuel society to a carbonless hydrogen society:
- Liquid hydrogen has nearly thrice the energy density (actually energy content) as gasoline with pure water as the by-product when burned (oxidized), with no pollutants, and with the lowest overall carbon footprint. Without considering the storage issues, the energy in 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) of hydrogen gas is about the same as the energy in 1 gallon (6.2 pounds, 2.8 kilograms) of gasoline. Perhaps not the best choice, a conventional gasoline or diesel internal combustion engine (ICE) can conceivably be converted to burning hydrogen but with no tailpipe emissions that otherwise would have required an inefficient catalytic converter. Like fossil fuels, liquid hydrogen (or ammonia substitute) will refuel vehicles in minutes. Not only is hydrogen an ideal fuel for at least the transportation industry, its service infrastructure parallels the present fossil fuel infrastructure, such delivery via tanker trucks, tanker ships, and petro stations or depots but without the carbon footprint. For instance, petro trucks become hydrogen trucks and petro stations become hydrogen stations.
- For convenient transportation and storage without high pressure and low temperatures, hydrogen can be converted to Ammonia.
- Hydrogen (and oxygen) can be produced by electrolysis of water with ideally up to 80% conversion efficiency by two means, alkaline water electrolysis and acidic Acidic Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) with much research, development, and improvement for industrial production.
- Distributed hydrogen fueled electric generators can stabilize the electricity infrastructure, such as complementing the lack of solar production during night.
- When coupled with the imminent electric drivetrain (e.g., electric vehicle or EV), hydrogen may complement today’s battery technology, such as providing a light weight electric vehicle with a small battery (or super capacitor) for superior deceleration (braking and energy recovery storage) or acceleration but with a range that goes beyond today’s fossil fuel electric vehicles distances. More importantly, a clean liquid hydrogen fuel concept will satisfactorily alleviate the unsupportable 70% increase in the electricity distribution and generation infrastructure with the expected quick increase in electric vehicles.
Only cost effective with supersized wind, tidal, and wave turbines, large offshore renewable energy farms are now being proposed or installed. But because of the practicality of their installation, maintenance, and electricity delivery, large offshore renewable energy farms must be located close to shore, which adversely affects their aesthetics, location regulations, noise, renewable energy production continuity, congestion to shipping traffic, indigenous animal populations, such as birds, and consumption of desirable real estate. Already, concepts are being proposed or developed that use large, far offshore sea barges as renewable energy farms, such as wind turbine (electric generators), tidal, wave turbines and solar farms, to convert the generated electricity to liquid hydrogen and oxygen for convenient delivery to shore (as are fossil fuels of today) by a fleet of service barges, such as ships, dirigibles, etc. (all operating on hydrogen), instead of via a high cost, deep sea, and fixed electricity delivery power line that is impractical for far offshore moving wind turbines. Together, the fleet of service barges will effectively act as the ship-to-shore pipeline and a large unseen hydrogen storage system. A single, relatively inexpensive energy harvesting barge perhaps in the order of magnitude of a supertanker but certainly with a streamline hull design for propulsion instead of cargo delivery can support any combination of solar panels, kites, vertical or horizontal wind turbines, flettner rotors (i.e., magnus effect), sails, and ship screw generator/motor (i.e., small underwater tidal/current turbines integrated into the ship electric motor propulsion system or screw, as only provided with the efficiency, power density, and low cost of SYNCHRO-SYM technologies, with the medium density of water), which can be complementary controlled for the effect of tethering by deep sea anchors:
- Renewable energy to liquid hydrogen and oxygen barges can be located anywhere offshore (by autonomous control to avoid weather conditions or collisions), including far away international water, without impacting local regulations or aesthetics, without the installation of an electrical distribution connection, or adversely effecting animal life.
- Abundant supply of the raw resource for electrolysis, albeit sea water, for hydrogen and oxygen electrolysis and liquification, all effectively energized by free renewable energy captured.
- Unlike the polluting and unsightly land based fossil fuel distilleries, renewable hydrogen energy barges feature far off-shore safety, particularly by autonomous control.
- Renewable hydrogen energy barges are relocatable for better or seasonal energy capture, for avoiding storms, for avoiding ship traffic, etc.
- Barges can return to any port for maintenance, upgrades, or without geopolitical consequences.
- The total energy consumption of barges and service fleet infrastructure, such as tankers and supply ships, and the renewable energy capture are all fueled with clean renewable hydrogen.
- Unlike cartel-controlled fossil fuel, natural competition amongst the open waters of hydrogen barge producers will self-regulate to the lowest cost effective pricing.
- The fleet of services barges will inherently provide a ship-to-shore pipeline and hydrogen storage system.
- The barges could be autonomously controlled for another level of safety.
Today’s far offshore sea barges as renewable energy farms need a deep-sea anchoring means and a sea capable maintenance and repair means. Instead, a virtual deep-sea anchoring means may be as simple as a strategic positioning control means of simultaneously offsetting the tidal/current turbines reactive forces with the wind turbine reactive forces instead of dropping a deep anchoring system or by propelling the ship while using the compact screw of the ship (under the heavy medium of sea water) to extract the propulsion energy but a sea capable maintenance and repair means would require new accommodating wind turbine technologies, such as only provided by SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies, which are already driving research into light weight wind components for large wind turbines.
Unlike the long-life steel structural components, such as pylons, nacelle housing, etc., which could be cost-effectively repaired at port in the unlikely occurrence of failure, comparably common replaceable components, such as large blades and large heavy electric generator system components, are not as accommodating to timely port repair. For instance, a limited set of globally located, very expensive, very special, and very large, ocean cranes are being developed for the sole purpose of installing and servicing the nacelle (combined with generator) or blades of super large offshore wind turbines. Considering the nacelle system and blades must be lifted over one hundred and thirty feet while weighing seven hundred tons and one hundred tons, respectively, the feat itself is formidable without the far offshore instability of ocean currents, waves and wind. The expected down time for retaining the service of these cranes, which are globally situated and supply and demand limited, for repeated maintenance of blades and generator components would be dauting in itself without considering the safety issues of servicing large components at sea, particularly the safety issues of servicing rare earth permanent magnet (RE-PM) direct drive electric generator components, which is the very reason the RE-PM electric generator system is fully installed at the factory and shipped as an integrated unit with the nacelle.
As only provided by the componentized, lightweight, RE-PM free, and safe generator technology of SYNCHRO-SYM, a better alternative would internally integrate a relatively small and inexpensive crane within the nacelle for safely servicing the blades and the SYNCHRO-SYM generator components at sea. Thereby, the robust structure of the pylon and nacelle would become an integrated crane component, instead of duplicating the robust structure with a one of a kind expensive large crane. For instance, with a new accommodating design of SYNCHRO-SYM, a crane cable running through the at least twenty-foot diameter hub (with an adaptable pulley block assembly) would provide the cable lifting mechanism for attaching each blade to the hub assembly (perhaps with a single accommodating windlass and cable spool assembly on deck). Likewise, a similar accommodating integrated lifting crane and assembly method was described for a large but light weight SYNCHRO-SYM. As a result, the offshore barges are more safely self-sufficient for at sea maintenance from an onboard inventory of commonly repairable components or with their timely delivery by small supply ships.
Distributed Virtual Synchronous Machine As Only Provided With SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies:
Bottom Line Up Front: With its unique compact but high power magnetic sharing circuit and control architecture, a distributed BMSCC (or BRTEC) as only provided by SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies would emulate distributed synchronous generators or high power variable frequency transformers for distributed power exchange for distributed power factor control and automatic waveform phase, frequency, and voltage matching.
Distributed synchronous electric machine, such as electric generators, or virtual synchronous machines, is a relatively new smart grid concept for stabilizing the electricity distribution system but a long time pioneering concept of SYNCHRO-SYM Technologies. For instance, distributed BMSCC (or BRTEC) can emulate distributed synchronous generators or high power variable frequency transformers for distribution power exchange with its unique compact but high power magnetic sharing circuit and control architecture to provide distributed power factor control and automatic waveform phase, frequency, and voltage matching. Also, instead of emulating synchronous machines with distributed electronic power conditioning circuits, such as BMSCC, simply replace the asymmetric electric machine systems, such as slip-induction, reluctance, or permanent magnet electric machine systems, with SYNCHRO-SYM.